A Companion to Aesthetics
Blackwell Companions to Philosophy, Band 68 2. Aufl.
In this extensively revised and updated edition, 168 alphabetically arranged articles provide comprehensive treatment of the main topics and writers in this area of aesthetics. Written by prominent scholars covering a wide-range of key topics in aesthetics and the philosophy of art Features revised and expanded entries from the first edition, as well as new chapters on recent developments in aesthetics and a larger number of essays on non-Western thought about art Unique to this edition are six overview essays on the history of aesthetics in the West from antiquity to modern times
Contributors xi Preface xv Historical Overviews 1 art of the Paleolithic Gregory Currie 1 aesthetics in antiquity Stephen Halliwell 10 medieval and renaissance aesthetics John Marenbon 22 eighteenth-century aesthetics Paul Guyer 32 nineteenth- and twentieth-century Continental aesthetics Robert Wicks 51 twentieth-century Anglo-American aesthetics Stephen Davies & Robert Stecker 61 The Arts 74 architecture Edward Winters 74 dance Julie Van Camp 76 drama James Hamilton 78 drawing, painting, and printmaking Patrick Maynard 82 literature David Davies 85 motion pictures Noël Carroll 88 music and song John Andrew Fisher and Stephen Davies 91 opera Paul Thom 95 photography Patrick Maynard 98 poetry Anna Christina Ribeiro 101 sculpture Erik Koed 104 A 107 abstraction Robert Hopkins 107 Adorno, Theodor W(iesengrund) Paul Mattick 109 aesthetic attitude David E. Cooper 111 aesthetic education Pradeep A. Dhillon 114 aesthetic judgment Andrew Ward 117 aesthetic pleasure Jerrold Levinson 121 aesthetic properties Alan H. Goldman 124 aestheticism David Whewell 128 aesthetics of food and drink Carolyn Korsmeyer 131 aesthetics of the environment Allen Carlson 134 aesthetics of the everyday Sherri Irvin 136 African aesthetics John Ayotunde (Tunde) Isola Bewaji 139 Amerindian aesthetics Anthony K. Webster 142 Aquinas, Thomas John Haldane 145 Aristotle Stephen Halliwell 147 art history David Carrier 149 artifact, art as George Dickie & Robert Stecker 152 "artworld" Anita Silvers 155 authenticity and art Theodore Gracyk 156 B 160 Barthes, Roland Mary Bittner Wiseman 160 Baumgarten, Alexander G(ottlieb) Nicholas Davey 162 Beardsley, Monroe C(urtis) Donald Callen 163 beauty Mary Mothersill 166 Bell, (Arthur) Clive (Heward) Ronald W. Hepburn 172 Benjamin, Walter Martin Donougho 174 Burke, Edmund Patrick Gardiner 177 C 179 canon Stein Haugom Olsen 179 catharsis Stephen Halliwell 182 Cavell, Stanley Timothy Gould 183 censorship Bernard Williams 185 Chinese aesthetics Marthe Chandler 188 cognitive science and art William P. Seeley 191 cognitive value of art Matthew Kieran 194 Collingwood, R(obin) G(eorge) Michael Krausz 197 comedy Noël Carroll 199 conceptual art Peter Goldie 202 conservation and restoration David Carrier 205 creativity Berys Gaut 207 critical monism and pluralism Robert Kraut 211 criticism Michael Weston 215 Croce, Benedetto Douglas R. Anderson 219 cultural appropriation James O. Young 222 D 226 Danto, Arthur C(oleman) David Novitz & Stephen Davies 226 deconstruction Stuart Sim 229 definition of "art" Kathleen Stock 231 Deleuze, Gilles Nicholas Davey 234 depiction Katerina Bantinaki 238 Derrida, Jacques Mary Bittner Wiseman 241 Dewey, John Thomas M. Alexander 244 Dickie, George Noël Carroll 247 Dufrenne, Mikel Wojciech Chojna & Irena Kocol 249 E 252 emotion Malcolm Budd 252 erotic art and obscenity Matthew Kieran 256 evolution, art, and aesthetics Stephen Davies 259 expression Derek Matravers 261 expression theory Derek Matravers 264 F 267 feminist aesthetics Peg Zeglin Brand 267 feminist criticism Renée Lorraine & Peg Zeglin Brand 269 feminist standpoint aesthetics A. W. Eaton 272 fiction, nature of Robert Stecker 275 fiction, the paradox of responding to Alex Neill 278 fiction, truth in Paisley Livingston 281 fictional entities Diane Proudfoot 284 forgery Robert Hopkins 287 formalism Nick Zangwill 290 Foucault, Michel Robert Wicks 293 function of art David Novitz 297 G 302 Gadamer, Hans-Georg Robert Bernasconi 302 gardens David E. Cooper 304 genre Andrew Harrison 306 Gombrich, Sir Ernst (Hans Josef) David E. Cooper 308 Goodman, Nelson Catherine Z. Elgin 311 H 314 Hanslick, Eduard Malcolm Budd 314 Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Gary Shapiro 315 Heidegger, Martin Robert Bernasconi 321 hermeneutics Joseph Margolis 324 horror Amy Coplan 328 Hume, David Theodore Gracyk 331 humor John Lippitt 334 Hutcheson, Francis Peter Kivy 338 I 341 iconoclasm and idolatry David Freedberg 341 illusion Robert Hopkins 343 imagination Roger Scruton 346 imaginative resistance Tamar Szabó Gendler 351 implied author Peter Lamarque 354 Indian aesthetics Kalyan Sen Gupta 356 ineffability David E. Cooper 360 Ingarden, Roman Wojciech Chojna 364 intention and interpretation Colin Lyas & Robert Stecker 366 "intentional fallacy" Colin Lyas & Robert Stecker 369 interpretation Joseph Margolis 371 interpretation, aims of David Davies 375 irony David E. Cooper 378 Islamic aesthetics Oliver Leaman 381 J 384 Japanese aesthetics Yuriko Saito 384 K 388 Kant, Immanuel David Whewell 388 Kierkegaard, Søren Ann Loades 392 kitsch Kathleen Marie Higgins 393 Kristeva, Julia Laura Marcus 396 L 400 Langer, Susanne Thomas M. Alexander 400 Lessing, Gotthold Ephraim Anthony Savile 402 Lewis, C(larence) I(rving) Paisley Livingston 405 Lukács, Georg Tom Rockmore 408 M 411 Margolis, Joseph Richard Shusterman 411 Marxism and art Tom Rockmore 412 mass art Noël Carroll 415 meaning constructivism Robert Stecker 418 Merleau-Ponty, Maurice John J. Compton 421 metaphor Samuel R. Levin 423 modernism and postmodernism Stuart Sim 425 morality and art Berys Gaut 428 museums Paul Mattick 431 N 435 narrative Stein Haugom Olsen 435 Nietzsche, Friedrich (Wilhelm) Julian Young 438 notations Stephen Davies 441 O 444 objectivity and realism in aesthetics Robert Hopkins 444 ontological contextualism Theodore Gracyk 449 ontology of artworks Nicholas Wolterstorff 453 originality George Bailey 457 P 460 performance Stephen Davies 460 performance art David Davies 462 perspective John Hyman 465 picture perception Katerina Bantinaki 469 Plato Stephen Halliwell 472 Plotinus John Haldane 474 popular art Richard Shusterman 476 pornography Bernard Williams 478 pragmatist aesthetics Richard Shusterman 480 psychoanalysis and art Kathleen Marie Higgins 484 R 489 race and aesthetics Monique Roelofs 489 rasa Kathleen Marie Higgins 492 realism John Hyman 495 relativism Nicholas Davey 498 religion and art Robert Grant 500 representation Robert Hopkins 504 Ruskin, John Michael Wheeler 508 S 511 Santayana, George Morris Grossman 511 Sartre, Jean-Paul John J. Compton 512 Schelling, Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Andrew Bowie 514 Schiller, (Johann Christoph) Friedrich von Margaret Paton 517 Schlegel, August Wilhelm von Tom Rockmore 519 Schlegel, Friedrich von Tom Rockmore 520 Schopenhauer, Arthur Michael Tanner 522 science and art Anthony O’Hear 525 Scruton, Roger Anthony O’Hear 528 senses and art, the Robert Hopkins 530 sentimentality Deborah Knight 534 Shaftesbury, Lord Dabney Townsend 537 Sibley, Frank Noel Colin Lyas 538 structuralism and poststructuralism Stuart Sim 540 style Andrew Harrison 544 sublime Mary Mothersill 547 symbol Charles Molesworth 551 T 554 taste Robert Hopkins 554 technology and art John Andrew Fisher 556 testimony in aesthetics Robert Hopkins 560 text Richard Shusterman 562 theories of art Ronald W. Hepburn 565 Tolstoy, Leo David Whewell 570 tradition Anthony O’Hear 573 tragedy Susan L. Feagin 575 truth in art Eddy M. Zemach 578 U 581 universals in art Kathleen Marie Higgins 581 W 586 Wagner, Richard Michael Tanner 586 Walton, Kendall L(ewis) Alessandro Giovannelli 588 Wilde, Oscar David E. Cooper 591 Wittgenstein, Ludwig Malcolm Budd 593 Wollheim, Richard Malcolm Budd 596 Index 600
"If one is looking for a good single-volume reference work on the history and concepts of predominantly Western aesthetics, then this is the one to get." (CHOICE, 2009) "The range is phenomenal, the erudition daunting and the index rigorous. It is an essential purchase for all but the most tough-minded of academic reference collections and it would grace the shelves of many a public or personal library." (Reference Reviews) "It provides very handy encyclopedic coverage of all main contemporary issues and figures in contemporary aesthetics.... It really must be bought by libraries as a reference text..." (British Society of Aesthetics Newsletter)
Stephen Davies, University of Auckland, New Zealand, is the author of Definitions of Art (1991), Musical Meaning and Expression (1994), Musical Works and Performances (2001), Themes in the Philosophy of Music (2003), The Philosophy of Art (Blackwell, 2006), and Philosophical Perspectives on Art (2007). He is the editor of Art and Its Messages (1997), co-editor of Art & Essence (2003), and co-editor for aesthetics and the philosophy of art for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. He is on the editorial boards of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism,, Rivista di Estetica, Philosophy of Music Education Review, Res Musica, and Philosophy Compass. Kathleen Marie Higgins, University of Texas at Austin, is the author of The Music of Our Lives (1991), and of many books in other areas of philosophy. She is also editor of Aesthetics in Perspecptive (1996), and is on the editorial board of Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism. She brings to the project specialist knowledge of Continental philosophy, history of aesthetics, non-Western aesthetics, and feminism. Robert Hopkins, University of Sheffield, UK, is the author of Picture, Image and Experience (1998) and many articles on aesthetics and related topics in the philosophy of mind. His research was recognized by the award of a Philip Leverhulme Prize (2001). He is the first president of the European Society for Aesthetics. He brings to the project expert knowledge of painting, the plastic arts, the imagination, and aesthetic judgment. Robert Stecker, Central Michigan University, is the author of Artworks (1997), Interpretation and Construction (2003), and Aesthetics and the Philosophy of Art (2005). He is co-editor for aesthetics and the philosophy of art for the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy and he has also co-edited editions of Hume's Treatise and of Locke's Essay. He brings to the project specialist knowledge of literature and interpretation. David E. Cooper, University of Durham, UK, has authored, edited and co-edited many books, including Metaphor (1986); Heidegger (1996); The Measure of Things (2002); World Philosophies: An Historical Introduction (1995; 2nd edn, 2003).; A Companion to Aesthetics (1st edn, 1992). He is currently co-editing Philosophy: The Classic Readings (Blackwell).
This second edition of A Companion to Aesthetics examines questions that were among the earliest discussed by ancient philosophers, such as the nature of beauty and the relation between morality and art, while also addressing a host of new issues prompted by recent developments in the arts and in philosophy, including coverage of non-Western art traditions and of everyday and environmental aesthetics. The volume also canvases debates regarding the nature of representation, the relation between art and truth, and the criteria for interpretation, which are among the most hotly discussed topics in contemporary philosophy. In this extensively revised and updated edition, 168 alphabetically arranged articles provide comprehensive treatment of the main topics and writers in aesthetics. Major additions include historical overviews from the prehistoric to the present and a section on the individual arts. A Companion to Aesthetics will serve students of philosophy, literary criticism, and cultural studies - as well as the educated general reader - both as a work of reference and, with its many substantial essays, as a guide to the best thinking about the arts from the ancient Greeks to the dawn of the twenty-first century.
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