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Advances in Local Public Economics


Advances in Local Public Economics

Theoretical and Empirical Studies
New Frontiers in Regional Science: Asian Perspectives, Band 37

von: Minoru Kunizaki, Kazuyuki Nakamura, Kota Sugahara, Mitsuyoshi Yanagihara

107,09 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 23.02.2019
ISBN/EAN: 9789811331077
Sprache: englisch

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Beschreibungen

This book introduces recent developments in both theoretical and empirical analyses of local public economics. Theories of those economics as well as empirical analyses have been developed dramatically in various directions in recent years. One direction has been to reflect real economic circumstances, especially in Japan. In the early 2000s, Japan experienced the so-called great merger (or consolidation) of municipalities in the Heisei era (1999 through the present), with the number of municipalities shrinking from 3,232 to 1,821 for increasing administrative and financial efficiency. This phenomenon is mainly due to a drastic change in demography in Japan: the dimishing birthrate and aging population. Following the consolidation, regional coordination has been undertaken to raise overall administrative and financial efficiency. In sum, various types of public policies for tackling the decreasing birthrate and aging population have been carried out. Urban sprawl and the timing of municipal mergers are dealt with from a broad point of view, and public child care services and tax competition are investigated from a policy standpoint. Another direction has been to incorporate new ideas for forming theoretical frameworks for local public finance, most of which have been based on static situations. In the recent trend toward globalization, local governments have attended not only to the welfare of residents but also to the interests of regional economic development. In addition, decision making by local governments has tended to be affected by political activities. Thus, the endogenous growth setting and lobbying activities for the activities of local governments are discussed in the book. With these new directions for analyses, the author tackles the topics of tax competition, cross-border shopping, local provision of public goods, and soft budgets, thus covering a broad range of aspects of local public finance.  
-Introduction-Ch.1     Fiscal competition, municipal consolidation and regional coordination -Part 1: Decentralization and coordination (Japanese experience)-Ch.2     Searching for soft budget constraint: An approach from the difference between the values of budget and settled account-Ch.3     Urban sprawl and local public service costs in Japan-Ch.4     Cross-border shopping in a federation system-Ch.5     Fiscal competition in semi-endogenous growth model-Ch.6     The analysis of relationship between endogenous lobbying activity and regional income inequality under fiscalDecentralization-Ch.7      Coordinated tax reform under vertical-horizontal externality in an overlapping generations model-Ch.8     Inter-jurisdictional Interaction on Premium-setting: the Case of Long-term Care Insurance in Japan -Part 2: Vertical and horizontal fiscal adjustment (From traditional view to new view)-Ch.9     Distribution of factor endowments and non-cooperative provision of public goods-Ch.10   Retrospective Voting in Local Government Setting-Ch.11   Intergovernmental transfer and delegation of power between three-tiered governmentsCh.12   Tax Competition in Oligopolistic Markets-Part 3: Application of political economics and empirical analysis-Ch.13   Theoretical analysis for strategic provision of public child care service interaction between private and public providers-Ch.14   Timing of free-rider behavior in Japanese municipal merger-Ch.15   Local public enterprises and optimal regulation-Ch.16   The effect of lobbying activity on horizontal tax competition
Minoru Kunizaki, Department of Economics, Aichi UniversityKazuyuki Nakamura, Faculty of Economics, University of ToyamaKota Sugahara, Faculty of Economics, Kyoto Sangyo UniversityMitsuyoshi Yanagihara, Graduate School of Economics, Nagoya University 
This book introduces recent developments in both theoretical and empirical analyses of local public economics. Theories of those economics as well as empirical analyses have been developed dramatically in various directions in recent years.One direction has been to reflect real economic circumstances, especially in Japan. In the early 2000s, Japan experienced the so-called great merger (or consolidation) of municipalities in the Heisei era (1999 through the present), with the number of municipalities shrinking from 3,232 to 1,821 for increasing administrative and financial efficiency. This phenomenon is mainly due to a drastic change in demography in Japan: the dimishing birthrate and aging population. Following the consolidation, regional coordination has been undertaken to raise overall administrative and financial efficiency. In sum, various types of public policies for tackling the decreasing birthrate and aging population have been carried out. Urban sprawl and the timing of municipal mergers are dealt with from a broad point of view, and public child care services and tax competition are investigated from a policy standpoint.Another direction has been to incorporate new ideas for forming theoretical frameworks for local public finance, most of which have been based on static situations. In the recent trend toward globalization, local governments have attended not only to the welfare of residents but also to the interests of regional economic development. In addition, decision making by local governments has tended to be affected by political activities. Thus, the endogenous growth setting and lobbying activities for the activities of local governments are discussed in the book. With these new directions for analyses, the author tackles the topics of tax competition, cross-border shopping, local provision of public goods, and soft budgets, thus covering a broad range of aspects of local public finance.  
Covers broad new topics on both the theory and the empirics of local public financePresents through empirical research the recent circumstances of public finance surrounding local governments in Japan Contains models that will interest not only public economics theorists but also empirical researchers on Japan’s local public finance