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Life Conduct in Modern Times


Life Conduct in Modern Times

Karl Jaspers and Psychoanalysis
Philosophy and Medicine, Band 89

von: Matthias Bormuth

139,09 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 16.07.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9781402047657
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 174

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Beschreibungen

<p>This award-winning book investigates the critique of psychoanalysis formulated by the psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers (1883-1969) over some five decades, systematically examining Jasper’s arguments against Freud and his followers. The book traces the medico-historical roots of Jasper’s criticism of psychoanalysis and places it within the framework of scientific theory before devoting itself extensively to medico-ethical aspects of the controversy, which are ultimately treated in terms of a history of mentalities.</p>
We read, but we are also read by others. Interferences of these readings. Forcing someone to read himself as he is read (slavehood). Forcing the others to read me as I read myself (conquest). 1 Simone Weil Karl Jaspers was born in Oldenburg in 1883, grew up in a liberal-minded banker’s family, studied medicine and was granted a chair in philosophy at the Uni- 2 versity of Heidelberg in 1922. The decisive factor in this appointment was Jaspers’ 1919 monograph Psychology of World Views (Psychologie der Weltanschauungen), 3 which founded so-called ‘existence philosophy’. What is less known is that in 1913 Jaspers had already published an epoch-making methodological systematics, his General Psychopathology (Allgemeine Psychopathologie), which had established 4 him as an authority in the field of psychiatry in the German-speaking world. As a result of this as well as the fact that Jaspers addressed questions concerning physi- 5 sicians’ self-identity, Jaspers is now celebrated as one of the “classic figures of 6 medicine”. 1 Weil (1990), pg. 134. 2 Karl Jaspers (1883-1969) worked as a psychiatrist in Heidelberg starting in 1909, and from 1914 on he held a position as a Privatdozent for psychology in the Department of Philosophy after having completed his Habilitation. In 1920 he was granted an assistant professorship and in 1922 a chair in this department. In 1937 he was forced to retire because his wife was Jewish. In 1945 he was reinstated.
Acknowledgements. Introduction. 1. The Critique of Psychoanalysis 1913-1920. The 1913 General Psychopathology. Jaspers and psychiatry in Heidelberg. Psychopathology at the divide between the natural sciences and the humanities. The 1913 critique of psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis as a ‘psychology of understanding’. The 1920 critique of psychoanalysis. What remains? Pierre Janet and Freud’s ‘Studies on Hysteria’. Theory of Neurosis as Cultural Criticism. Practical Critique of Psychoanalysis in the Years 1913-1920. Suggestion and psychoanalytic ‘confession’. ‘Existential communication’ or ‘dealing with resistance’. 2. Life conduct in modern times. Max Weber as ‘crisis’-indicator.‘ Disenchantment of the world’ and intellectual life conduct. Man in the Modern Age (1931). Diagnosis of modernity between hybris and modesty. ‘Philosophical’ life conduct in the Protestant ‘spirit’. Charismatic traditions – the university and ‘life of the home’. Max Weber and life conduct. 3. Critique of psychoanalysis in 1931. Max Weber’s ‘doctrine of science’. Value-free’ science in modern times. Monocausal research and philosophy of history. Karl Jaspers and the ‘human sciences’. Critique of ideologies: Marxism, race hygiene and psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis and Otto Gross’s ‘erotic movement’. 4. Critique of psychoanalysis in 1941. Historical ideotype? Psychoanalysis during National Socialism.‘Existential’ self-reflection and facultative ‘training analysis’. Definitive and instrumental goals of psychotherapy. Praise of psychosomatics. 5. The Founding of the psychosomatic clinic in Heidelberg 1946-1949. Exposé (Denkschrift) on psychosomatic medicine.Von Weizsäcker: 'retribution' and psychoanalysis. Alexander Mitscherlich: syncreticism of psychoanalysis at the ‘GöringInstitute’. Dispute between the faculties– '... the cat out of the sack'. Jaspers’s advocation of psychoanalysis under the supervision of Mitscherlich. Establishment of a department for general therapy. 6. Critique of psychoanalytic psychosomatics 1949-1953. Psychosomatic provocations. Viktor von Weizsäcker’s apology of 'unlived life'. Alexander Mitscherlich: regarding the 'self-concealment of meaning'. Jasper’s reactions 1950-1953. American circumstances – Hannah Arendt on psychoanalysis (1). 'Biological' limits of psychosomatic 'salvific doctrines'. Controversy over training analysis. 'Serviceable are those who can be trained.' 'Truthfulness' vis-a-vis one’s 'counterpart'. Critique or politics? 7. On the critique of psychoanalysis and society1950-1968. Totalitarianism and 'counter-propaganda' 1950-1954. Psychoanalysis and 'secularization' – Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker contra Jaspers. 'Loss of authority' as the cause of totalitarian dominion. 'Reason and Anti-Reason in Our Time'. 'Cultural freedom' or 'compulsory analysis'?– Hannah Arendt on psychoanalysis (2). Life conduct in the Federal Republic 1964-1968. 'Television university' on psychoanalysis and 'value freedom'. Freud and 'Society without a Father' . Jürgen Habermas’ utopia of psychoanalytic 'self-enlightenment'. Summary and Prospective View. Bibliographie.Abbreviations. Unpublished texts. Index.
<p>Interdisciplinary study between psychiatry, philosophy, sociology and cultural studies</p>
<p>Combination of systematic and historical viewpoints</p>

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