Details

Science of Ecosystem-based Management


Science of Ecosystem-based Management

Narragansett Bay in the 21st Century
Springer Series on Environmental Management

von: Alan Desbonnet, Barry A Costa-Pierce

142,79 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 12.01.2008
ISBN/EAN: 9780387352992
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 570

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Beschreibungen

In the U.S., approximately two-thirds of the coastal rivers and bays are moderately to severely degraded from nutrient pollution. The contributors to this book use long-term data sets to discuss the interactions among biological, ecological, chemical, and physical processes, and discuss what is known about nutrient inputs to the bay ecosystem, the impacts related to nutrient inputs, and how the ecosystem might respond to a sudden reduction in these inputs.
Science for Ecosystem-based Management: Narragansett Bay in the 21st Century addresses the broad problem of coastal nutrient pollution. In the U.S., approximately two thirds of the coastal rivers and bays are moderately to severely degraded from nutrient pollution. However, debates continue about how large a problem nutrient pollution is and what actions to take, and since effective management requires decisions at a local scale, an in-depth case study can provide valuable guidance.
Narragansett Bay is one of the best-studied estuaries in the world. Rhode Island has been developing regulatory and management actions to reduce nutrient inputs, particularly those of nitrogen, to the waters of Narragansett Bay. This book was developed in response to a symposium addressing this mandate with coastal/estuarine scientists and environmental management agency personnel. The contributors use long-term data sets to discuss the interactions among biological, ecological, chemical, and physical processes, and discuss what is known about nutrient inputs to the bay ecosystem, the impacts related to nutrient inputs, and how the ecosystem might respond to a sudden reduction in these inputs.
Springer Series in Environmental Management 'Science for Ecosystem-based Estuarine Management: Narragansett Bay in the 21st Century' Alan Desbonnet & Barry A. Costa-Pierce (eds) Acknowledgements Preface—A. Desbonnet 1. Geologic and contemporary landscapes of the Narragansett Bay ecosystem. Jon C. Boothroyd & Peter V. August 2. Narragansett Bay amidst a globally changing climate. Michael E.Q. Pilson 3. Estimating atmospheric nitrogen deposition in the Northeastern United States: Relevance to Narragansett Bay. Robert W. Howarth 4. Groundwater nutrient transport and input along the Narragansett Bay coastal margin. Barbara L. Nowicki & Arthur J. Gold 5. Nitrogen and phosphorus inputs to Narragansett Bay: past, present and future. Scott W. Nixon, Betty A. Buckley, Stephen L. Granger, Lora A. Harris, Autumn J. Oczkowski, Robinson W. Fulweiler & Luke W. Cole 6. Nitrogen inputs to Narragansett Bay: An Historical PerspectiveSteven P. Hamburg, Donald Pryor & Matthew A. Vadenboncoeur 7. Anthropogenic eutrophication of Narragansett Bay: evidence from dated sediment cores. John W. King, J.Bradford Hubney, Carol L. Gibson, Elizabeth Laliberte, Kathryn H. Ford, Mark Cantwell, Rick Mckinney & Peter Appleby 8. Circulation and transport dynamics in Narragansett Bay.Malcolm L. Spaulding & J. Craig Swanson 9. Critical issues for modeling of Narragansett Bay and Mount Hope Bay. Changsheng Chen, Liuzhi Zhao, Geoff Cowles& Brian Rothschild 10. The dynamics of water exchange between Narragansett Bay and Rhode Island Sound. Christopher R. Kincaid, Deanna Bergondo & Kurt Rosenberger 11. Summer bottom water dissolved oxygen in upper Narragansett Bay. Emily Saarman, Warren L. Prell, David W. Murray & Christopher F. Deacutis 12. Evidence of ecological impacts from excess nutrients in upper Narragansett Bay. Christopher F. Deacutis 13. An ecosystem-based perspective of Mount Hope Bay. Christian Krahforst & Marc Carullo 14. Natural viral communities in the Narragansett Bay ecosystem. Marcia F. Marston 15. Nutrient and plankton dynamics in Narragansett Bay. Theodore J. Smayda & David G. Borkman 16. Narragansett Bay ctenophore-zooplankton-phytoplankton dynamics in a changing climate. Barbara K. Sullivan, Dian J. Gifford, John H. Costello & Jason R. Graff 17. Coastal salt marsh community change in Narragansett Bay in response to cultural eutrophication. Cathleen Wigand 18. Impact of nutrients on Narragansett Bay productivity. Candace A. Oviatt 19. An 'Ecofunctional' approach to ecosystem-based management for Narragansett Bay. Barry A. Costa-Pierce & Alan Desbonnet
In the United States, approximately two thirds of coastal rivers and bays are moderately to severely degraded by nutrient pollution. Nonetheless, the problem of nutrient pollution is still debated. Rhode Island is in the formative stages of undertaking what many are calling a "grand experiment" in reducing nutrient input to the Narragansett Bay ecosystem, one of the best-studied estuaries in the world. "Science of Ecosystem-based Management: Narragansett Bay in the 21st Century" sets the stage for conducting this experiment by compiling, within one volume, the best available science from preeminent experts on the bay ecosystem. Each chapter elucidates what is known about the various elements that make up the ecosystem including its biology, ecology, chemistry, and physical dynamics, delving into historical data and trends, current research findings and consideration of how patterns might change given major reductions in nutrient input to the ecosystem.
 
While of obvious and great value to those directly engaged with Narragansett Bay, this volume provides useful examples of other places where nutrient reduction protocols are being considered or should be considered. This volume will be of interest and importance to researchers, agency personnel, and natural resource managers who are contemplating nutrient reductions as a way of moving towards sustainability in the use of coastal resources.
Large case study provides detailed information on nutrient pollution for students, researchers and professionals
Local approach provides managers with useful guidance and solutions
Interactions between biological, ecological, chemical and physical processes in Narragansett Bay are explored
In the United States, approximately two thirds of coastal rivers and bays are moderately to severely degraded by nutrient pollution. Rhode Island is in the formative stages of undertaking what many are calling a "grand experiment" in reducing nutrient input to the Narragansett Bay ecosystem, one of the best-studied estuaries in the world. This book sets the stage for conducting this experiment by compiling, within one volume, the best available science from preeminent experts on the Narragansett Bay ecosystem. Each chapter elucidates what is known about the various elements that make up the ecosystem, including interactions between biological, ecological, chemical and physical processes. The local approach adopted by this book provides managers with useful guidance and solutions, and at the same time it addresses the broader problem of coastal nutrient pollution.

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