Details

Statistical Analysis of Environmental Space-Time Processes


Statistical Analysis of Environmental Space-Time Processes


Springer Series in Statistics

von: Nhu D. Le, James V. Zidek

154,69 €

Verlag: Springer
Format: PDF
Veröffentl.: 13.09.2006
ISBN/EAN: 9780387354293
Sprache: englisch
Anzahl Seiten: 342

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Beschreibungen

This book provides a broad introduction to the subject of environmental space-time processes, addressing the role of uncertainty. It covers a spectrum of technical matters from measurement to environmental epidemiology to risk assessment. It showcases non-stationary vector-valued processes, while treating stationarity as a special case. In particular, with members of their research group the authors developed within a hierarchical Bayesian framework, the new statistical approaches presented in the book for analyzing, modeling, and monitoring environmental spatio-temporal processes. Furthermore they indicate new directions for development.
This book provides a broad introduction to the subject of environmental space-time processes; addressing the role of uncertainty. Within that context, it covers a spectrum of technical matters from measurement to environmental epidemiology to risk assessment.
This book presents knowledge gained by the authors along with methods they developed, over more than 30 years of experience measuring, mod- ing, and mapping environmental space–time ?elds. That experience embraces both large (continentwide) spatial domains and small. In part it comes from their research, working with students as well as coinvestigators. But much was gained from all sorts of interactions with many individuals who have had to contend with the challenges these ?elds present. They include statistical as well as subject area scientists, in areas as diverse as analytical chemistry, airsampling,atmosphericscience,environmentalepidemiology,environmental risk management, and occupational health among others. We have colla- rated and consulted with government scientists as well as policy-makers, in all,alargegroupofindividualsfromwhomwehavelearnedalotandtowhom we are indebted. We hope all in these diverse groups will ?nd something of value in this book. We believe it will also bene?t graduate students, both in statistics and subject areas who must deal with the analysis of environmental ?elds. In fact we have given a successful statistics graduate course based on it. The book (and course) re?ect our conviction about the need for statistical scientiststolearnaboutthephenomenatheypurporttoexplain. Totheextent feasible, we have covered important nonstatistical issues involved in dealing with environmental processes. Thus in writing the book we have tried to strike a balance between important qualitative and quantitative aspects of the subject. Much of the most technical statistical-mathematical material has been placed in the starred sections, chapters, and appendices.
Environmental Processes.- First Encounters.- Case Study.- Uncertainty.- Measurement.- Modeling.- Space-Time Modeling.- Covariances.- Spatial Prediction: Classical Approaches.- Bayesian Kriging.- Hierarchical Bayesian Kriging.- Design and Risk Assessment.- Multivariate Modeling***.- Environmental Network Design.- Extremes.- Implementation.- Risk Assessment.- A Tutorial in R.- Appendices.- References.
This book provides a broad introduction to the fascinating subject of environmental space-time processes; addressing the role of uncertainty. Within that context, it covers a spectrum of technical matters from measurement to environmental epidemiology to risk assessment. It showcases non-stationary vector-valued processes, while treating stationarity as a special case. The contents reflect the authors’ cumulative knowledge gained over many years of consulting and research collaboration. In particular, with members of their research group, they developed within a hierarchical Bayesian framework, the new statistical approaches presented in the book for analyzing, modeling, and monitoring environmental spatio-temporal processes. Furthermore they indicate new directions for development.

This book contains technical and non-technical material and it is written for statistical scientists as well as consultants, subject area researchers and students in related fields. Novel chapters present the authors’ hierarchical Bayesian approaches to


spatially interpolating environmental processes


designing networks to monitor environmental processes


multivariate extreme value theory


incorporating risk assessment.

In addition, they present a comprehensive and critical survey of other approaches, highlighting deficiencies that their method seeks to overcome. Special sections marked by an asterisk provide rigorous development for readers with a strong technical background. Alternatively readers can go straight to the tutorials supplied in chapter 14 and learn how to apply the free, downloadable modeling and design software that the authors and their research partners have developed.

Nhu Le is a Senior Scientist in Cancer Control Research and a former Director of the Occupational Oncology Research Program at the British Columbia Cancer Agency (BCCA). An Adjunct Professor of Statistics at the University of British Columbia since 1992, he also teaches graduate courses and supervises graduate students. He is heavily involved in epidemiological research and the impact environmental and occupational factors have on cancer development. He has published over 100 peer-reviewed research articles in statistical- and subject-area journals. He received his Ph.D. in statistics from the University of Washington in Seattle.

Jim Zidek is a Professor Emeritus and Founding Head of the Department of Statistics at the University of British Columbia. He has served on a number of scientific advisory committees, most notably on the United States’ EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committees Ozone Panel. His scientific interests lie equally in environmetrics (the subject of this book) and in the theory of decision analysis (particularly, the compilation of expert opinion). His work has been published extensively and he has been invited to give numerous presentations. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University and his honors include Fellowships in the Royal Society of Canada, the American Statistical Association (ASA), and the Institute of Mathematical Statistics. He has earned the Distinguished Achievement Medal in Environmental Statistics of the ASA and the Gold Medal of the Statistical Society of Canada.
Presents a middle ground on theory and applicability through non-mathematical discussion in each chapter for non-statisticians, software availability, and detailed instructions on its use in real applications
This book provides a broad introduction to the fascinating subject of environmental space-time processes; addressing the role of uncertainty. Within that context, it covers a spectrum of technical matters from measurement to environmental epidemiology to risk assessment. The contents reflect the authors’ cumulative knowledge gained over many years of consulting and research collaboration. In particular, with members of their research group, they developed within a hierarchical Bayesian framework, the new statistical approaches presented in the book for analyzing, modeling, and monitoring environmental spatio-temporal processes. Furthermore they indicate new directions for development. This book contains technical and non-technical material and it is written for statistical scientists as well as consultants, subject area researchers and students in related fields.

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